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September 20, 2009

Group 2 Interview executive cutoff marks....

Group 2 last year expected cutoff's for Interview


Interview only

general cutoff: 315 to 324 between...
women Cutoff: 307 to 317 between...
BC Gents Cutoff :310 to 319 between
sc cutoff: 305 to 314 between
St cutoff: 298 to 307 between

st womens last 275 to 285between.....

if u have any doubts plse ask me any time......

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September 11, 2009

HIGHEST, LONGEST, BIGGEST, LARGEST, DEEPEST, SMALLEST OF THE WORLD

* Largest Airport - King Khalid International Airport (South Arabia)
* Highest Airport - Lhasa Air­port, Tibet
* Tallest Animal - Giraffe
* Largest Animal - Blue Bottom whale
* Largest Bay - Hudson Bay, Canada,
* Fastest Bird - Swift
* Largest Bird - Ostrich
* Smallest Bird - Humming bird
* Longest Bridge - the Akashi Kaikyo bridge in Japan takes the title, with a main span of 1,991 meters (or 6,532 feet)
* Tallest Building - Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan,2004,101 stories,509m,1,670ft
* Longest Canal - Baltic sea White Canal
* Largest Cathedral - Cathedral Church of New York
* Largest Cemetry - Leningrad, Russia
* Largest Church - Belisca of St. Peter in the Vatican City, Rome.
* Largest Continent - Asia
* Smallest Continent - Australia
* Largest Country - Russia
* Smallest Country - Vatican City
* Biggest Cinema House - Roxy, New York
* Highest City - Wen Chuan, China
* Highest Population - Mexico
* Longest Day - June 21
* Shortest Day - December 22
* Largest Delta - Sunderbans
* Largest Desert - Sahara, Africa
* Biggest Dome - Gol Gumbaz (Bijapur), India
* Largest Dams - Grand Coulee Dam, USA
* Tallest Fountain - Fountain Hills, Arizona
* Largest Gulf - Gulf of Mexico
* Largest Hotel - Hotel Rossaiya, Moscow
* Largest Island - Greenland
* Largest Lake - Caspian Sea, CISIran
* Deepest Lake - Baikal (Siberia)
* Highest Lake - Titicaca (Bolivia)
* Biggest Library - National Kiev Library, Moscow and Library of the Congress, Washington
* Largest Mosque - Jama Masjid, Delhi (India)
* Highest Mountain Peak Mount Everest (Nepal)
* Highest Mountain Range Himalayas
* Longest Mountain - Andes (South America)
* Biggest Museum - British Museum (London)
* Largest Minaret Sultan Has-san Mosque (Egypt)
* Tallest Minaret - Qutub Minar, Delhi (India)
* Biggest Oceans - Pacific Ocean
* Deepest Oceans - Pacific Ocean
* Biggest Palace - Vatican (Rome)
* Largest Palace - Imperial Palace (China)
* Biggest Park - Yellow Stone Na­tional Park
* Largest Park - Wood Buffalo National Park (Canada)
* Largest Peninsula - Arabia
* Highest Plateau - Pamir (Tibet)
* Longest Platform - Kharagpur, W. Bengal (India)
* Largest Platform - Grand Central Terminal, (Ely. Sta­tion)New York (USA)
* Biggest Planet - Jupiter
* Smallest Planet - Murcury
* Brightest Planet Venus
* Coldest Planet Pluto
* Nearest (To the Sun) - Mercury
* Farthest (from the Sun) - Pluto
* Longest River - Nile, Africa
* Longest River Dam - Hirakud Dam, India
* Largest Sea - South China Sea
* Largest Stadium - Starhove Stadium, Prague (Czech Republic)
* Brightest Star - Sirius A
* Tallest Statue - Motherland (Russia)
* Largest Sea-bird - Albatross
* Biggest Telescope - Mt. Palomar (USA)
* Longest Train Flying Scotsman
* Largest Temple - Angkorwat in Kampuchea
* Oldest Theatre - Teatro Ohm­pico (Itlay)
* Tallest Tower - C. N. Tower, Toronto (Canada)
* Longest Wall - Great Wall of China
* Highest Waterfall - Angel (Venezuela)
* Widest Waterfall - Khone Falls (Laos)
* Lowest Water Level - Dead Sea
* Longest Epic - Mahabharata
* Hottest Place - Al-Azizia (Libya)
* Rainiest Place - Mosinram, near Cherapunji (India)
* Highest Road - Leh-Nobra, Ladakh division India.
* Highest Village - Andean (Chile)
* Highest Volcano - Ojos del Salado, (Argentina) Chile
* Largest Volcano - Manuna Lea (Hawai)
* Lightest Gas - Hydrogen
* Fastest Animal - Cheetah
* Biggest Flower - Rafflesia (Java)
* Longest Corridor - Rameshwaram Temple (India)
* Largest Democracy - India
* Fastest Dog - Persian greyhound
* Lightest Metal - Lithium

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World Major Cities on River banks


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Vedic Civilization












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September 8, 2009

Some important Dates in Indian History - Exam specific Significance

 

BC

History of India in Brief

3000 – 2600 BC – Harappa Civilisation

550 BC – Birth of Mahavira

563 BC – 483 – Sidhartha Gautama, the Buddha

36 – 323 Alexander the Great's conquest of Asia

322 BC – Rise of the Mauryas, Chandragupta

303 BC Chandragupta Maurya defeated Seleukos Nikator and the trans-Indus region transferred to the Mauryas.

272 BC – Ashoka's Reign

180 BC – Fall of the Mauryas & Rise of the Sungas

 

 

AD

78 Saka Era begins.

98-117 Kanishka, the Kushan King.

360 Samudra Gupta conquers the whole of northern India and much of the Deccan.

380-413 Chandragupta II comes to power (Chandragupta Vikramaditya) – The Golden Age of the Guptas-Literary Renaissance-Kalidasa and other poets.

606 Accession of Harsha Vardhana.

622 Era of the Hejira begins.

 

Medival India Starts

711 Invasion of Sind by Muhammad-bin-Qasim (Kassim).

985 The Chola Dynasty-Rajaraja reigns

1026 Ransack of Somnath by Mahmud of Ghazni (mounted 17 plundering expedition into North India between 1000-1027AD).

1191 Prithvi Raj Chauhan, King of Delhi, routs Muhammad Ghori-the first Battle of Tarain.

1206 Qutbuddin Aibak establishes in Delhi the Slave dynasty (120601290: Kings – Qutub-ud-din Aibak, Shamas-ud-din Iltutmish, Rukn-ud-din, Razia Sultana, Bahram Shah, Massud Shah, Nasir-ud-din Mohammed, Balban, Kaiqubad).

1232 Foundation of the Qutub Minar

1236-1239 Razia Sultana, daughter of Iltutmish- the first and the only Muslim lady to rule India

1298 Marco Polo visits India.

1333 Ibn Batutah arrives in India.

1336 Founding of Vijayanagar (Dec-can).

1498 First voyage of Vasco da Gama via Cape of Good Hope and arrives at Calicut on May 27th.

1526 First Battle of Panipat-Babur defeats the Lodis-established of the Mughal dynasty.

1556 Death of Humayun; Accession of Jalal-ud-din Akbar. Second Battle of Panipat-Akbar defeats Hemu.

1564 Akbar abolishes 'Jiziya' or poll tax on Hindus.

1576 Battle of Haldighati; Akbar defeats Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar.

1582 Akbar proclaims Din llahi or Divine Faith-an attempt at synthesizing Hinduism and Islam.

1600 English East India Company constituted through a charter, signed by Queen Elizabeth I.

1613 Sir Thomas Roe's visit yielded permission to set up their factory in Surat. Gradually trading centres were extended Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.

1631 Death of Shah Jehan's wife Mumtaz Mahal-The building of the Taj Mahal.

1699 Guru Gobind Sigh creates 'Khalsa'.

1739 Nadir Shah of Persia conquers Delhi: lose Kabul.

1757 Jun. 23. Battle of Plassey: The British defeat Siraj-ud-daulah through a conspiracy with Mir Jafar. Mir Jafar made Nawab of Bengal. (-60 Clive's first Governship).

1761 Third Battle of Panipat; Ahmed Shah Abdali, the ruler of Afghanistan defeats the Marathas; Maratha imperialism checked; Hyder Ali usurps power in Mysore (rules till '82); Fall of Pondicherry.

1765 The English get Diwani Rights in Bengal, Bihar and Orrisa; Clive, Governor in Bengal for the second time.

1774 Warren Hastings becomes the first Governor-General of India. Calcutta made the administrative headquarters of the Company.

1784 Pitt's India Act passed; Calcutta Gazette published; Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal with the help of William Jones.

1853 First Indian Railway-Bombay to Thane; Annexation of Nagpur, Renewal of the Charter Act; Telegraph, started from Calcutta to Agra.

 

 

******

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September 7, 2009

APPSC Group 1 Books for all Papers

Group1 Books

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APPSC Group 1 Cutoff Marks

Since the Preparation gap is long... competition will be tough this time

Cutoff Marks will be 90+

To be on safe side... 95-100. then you can start preparing for Mains...

So score more than 90 to relieve from all tensions or Luck friends...

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September 4, 2009

September 3, 2009

How to Prepare for Group 1 and Where to start!

This is the first stage of the exam and should never be taken lightly. The preparation should be such that you should not have any doubt about clearing the exam. The prelims should only be a passing phase. If you prepare well for the mains exam and be clear about the basics, then prelims should not be problem. The preparation for the prelims should start from January. The main focus should be on the optional subject first. At the same time the GS should be done regularly. Since there is well defined syllabus for the optional, you should prepare thoroughly in all aspects and score as much as possible. On the other hand, the GS preparation should be good on the basics.
The prelims is a test of recognition. It is sufficient if you can recognise the correct answer from given choices. So if you are strong in basics this should not be problem. Do not spend too much time in memorising facts. Its fine if you can recognise it. Prepare some mnemonics which will help you in recognising the right answer.
Practising previous papers and the tests is very important. It will help you in time management and also in identifying the weak areas. This practise should be right from the beginning and not in the final stages.

General Studies:
The GS paper is feared by many at the prelims stage. There is an opinion that very difficult questions are asked from wide areas. While preparing for the GS paper, the first efforts should be to analyse the previous years’ papers and then start preparation. Even while studying, you should keep looking at past questions. This will help in a focused preparation. In GS, it is equally important to know what not to study.
The score required is around 95-100 out of 150 to clear the prelims. So here it is to be remembered that you can afford to lose 60 questions. If suppose, you make 75 correct answers, then out of remaining 75 questions, there is probability of another 20+ being correct due to good guesses. To get 75 really correct, it is sufficient if you can be strong in basics. The questions are also given in such a way that 70-80 questions are easy, 50 questions difficult and another 20-30 very difficult which none can answer. Many aspirants orient their preparation keeping in view those 30 very difficult questions. This can be counter productive since it is not possible to master all areas in GS and while trying to remember too many facts, the basic clarity will be lost.
So, preparation should be made in such a way that in every area the basic understanding is very clear. All the basic questions should be answered correctly in the exam. That is sufficient to qualify for the mains.

History:
The areas to be covered are the history from ancient to modern period. The basic understanding can be obtained from below 10th NCERT books. The focus should be on modern Indian history which is covered in the mains. The basic contours in other areas is sufficient. Some cultural aspects should also be covered.
The NCERT books are good enough for the purpose.

Polity:
The Constitution and various related aspects should be done well. Some articles and facts should be memorised. It is better to prepare this area well since it will be helpful in mains and inteview.
The Indian Polity by Laxmikant and NCERT books are sufficient. Also refer, DD Basu.

Economy:
The basic concepts are being asked along with current affairs based questions. The basic clarity can be obtained from the standard books. The current affairs can be studied from Economic Survey and the newspapers.
Economic Survey
Dutt & Sundaram or Mishra & Puri or IC Dhingra

Sciences:
Some times the questions are asked very difficult that even science graduates cannot answer. But the preparation should be in such a way that all the basic questions can be done correctly. The questions are also asked in applications orientation.
NCERT books
What, Why & how books by CSIR.

Mental Ability:
Do lots of practise from previous years papers. The preparation can also be made from some standard guide like the TMH Publications.The speed and accuracy should be practiced.

Current affairs:
This has become a very important component. The preparation should be continuous from the sources given in mains strategy. The notes should be focused on the factual aspects that come in the news. Many questions are asked from this area, so prepare thoroughly. The efforts will be useful for all stages of the exam. It should become a part of your daily routine.

General Knowledge
Quite a few questions are asked from this area. Some difficult questions are also asked. Do not spend too much time in memorising unnecessary facts. You should have a broad awareness about various fields. At the same time, focus more on areas which have been asked in the past.
India Year Book - This is important for the prelims and also for some mains two mark questions. But do not read every thing given in the book, be logical and concentrate on the basics which can be asked in the exam. You should prepare notes on the various terms that are given in the book. Do not focus too much on unnecessary facts given in the book.
Manaroma Year book - This book should also be taken as reference.
For the GS prelims, If you want a compilation of all material at one point then can refer some standard guide like TMH. But do not ignore the NCERT and other books since they give better clarity.


The following books available for Aspirants on this blog are given under, which are immensely useful going through them will help u understand how self notes to be prepared and what are the important topics in exam view point:


    APPSC Group I Prelims Syllabus
    Scheme & Syllabus of Group I Examination
    Study Plan to Finish Prelims syllabus fast.
     New topic disaster management added to prelims syllabus
    1.General Science
    This is studied under Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Science & Technology
    Biology:
    Cell structure,living organisms classification,life processes of plants and animals (nutrition,digestion,respiration, circulatory system,blood, excretion), control &coordination(nervous system,eyes,ears),endocrine system & reproduction,digestive enzymes,hormones,vitamins,infectiousdiseases,natural resources management(air, water, soil pollution,wetlands, forestry,wildlife)applications of biology(plant breeding, animal breeding, pesticides, bio fertilisers, biotechnology,stem cells),Institutions of National importance.Topics covered are useful in
    Section- II ( Modern trends in Life sciences) chapters 3,4,5 in Paper-IV (Mains)Chemistry:
    Physical and chemical changes,Atoms and molecules,Acids,bases and salts,metals and nonmetals,fibers,periodic table classification,carbon compounds(hydrocarbons, polymers),biomolecules(carbohydrates,proteins,fats),nuclear fission, nuclear fusion,breeder reactors, metallurgy.All the above topics are the areas one need to look into but the scope of questions in exam may or maynot be limited to above topics.
    Physics:
    Force & pressure,Friction,gravitation,solar system,mechanics(newton laws, centripetal,centrifugalforces,projectiles,angle of banking,potential & kinetic energy),liquids(capillarity,surface tension,viscosity),Sound,Heat,light,Electricity, Magnetism,satellites, modern physics (atomic energy, radioactivity,cosmic, x rays, visible spectrum),Nuclear,space technology in India(latest happening in theseareas)
    Science & Technology
    Submarines,ISROlaunches, Space applications,DAE, DRDO tests,Antarctic/Arctic expeditions,super computers,Science congress,IT applications, Renewable energy.Topics covered here are useful in
    Section- I (Role of S&T in development of India) of paper- IV(Mains)
    Suggested Reading: NCERT Text books : class 6 to 10 (Science).There are 3 to 4 books for every class,so please downloadall the books.Science section inIndia Year Book latest.AP State Syllabus: class 6 to 10 (These books are also good ,you can use them in place of NCERT books)
    General Studies Manual by Tata McgrawHill (For those who want all material in a single book)
    2.Current events of national and International importanceSummits
    BRICS,World economic Forum, SAARC, G20,climate summits, WTO ministerial meets, Free tradewith Europe,ASEAN and others,Nuclear Suppliers group(NSG),APEC, OPEC, EU etc. Countriesvisited by president,vice president and PM and treaties signed in the last one year, Energy(nuclear,oil&gas) cooperation with other countries
    Domestic & international Institutions (political, economic, judicial)
    UN,UNESCO,World bank,WTO,International Court of Justice,Heads of (Army, navy, airforce,ISRO,DRDO,Atomic energy commission,UPSC, Supreme court,SC,ST,BC,Women,human rights,lawcommissions, US ambassadors to India/from India to US & china)
    Events
    Recent events in the last one to one and half-year like(Japanese earthquake,laden death,Lokpal bill,Telangana struggle,Kashmir situation,wikileaks etc)
    Sports
    Cricket,tennis grand slam order & recent winners, commonwealth,FIFA games, Mascots, medalstally,Asian games, Olympics,chess,badminton,hockey,kabbadi,F1 tournaments etc
     Prizes
    Padmabhushan, jnanapith awards,Man Booker, Noble (all six),Alternate Nobel awards,Oscar awardswinners(Indian entries 2010), Abel prize,Raman magsaysay, Indira Gandhi peace, Nehru awards,Cannes film festival, children film festivals etc.
     Books
    Books written by politicians and others
     Miscellaneous
    UN ambassadors of peace, Education, AIDSUN/SAARC declaration of yearsUNESCO cultural heritage, Natural heritage sites, Biosphere reserves in India.Suggested ReadingsThe Hindu,Frontline,Science Reporter ,Yojana,Economic and political weekly,Mainstream,Wikipedia.Sakshi,Eenadu,Yojana(Telugu medium), vivek , Vijetha Competitions fortnightly (Telugu)
    3.History of India and AP Indian National Movement
    History of India includes history especially cultural (arts, language & literature,architecture), politicaland economic aspects from ancient,medieval and up to 1857 revolt. Indian national movement includesthe personalities who shaped social reforms and freedom movement.Topics under History of India are covered under
    Section-I (History & Cultural Heritage of 20thCentury India) of Paper II (Mains)
    AP Indian National movement includes the social reformers of 19th and 20th centuries , Andhra leadersduring national movement, sociocultural awakening in Telengana, Vandematarammovement,Hyderabad State congress, Role of communists,socialists, Anti nizam struggle andIntegration of Hyderabad state.Topics under AP Indian national movement are covered under
    Section-II(Social & Cultural history of AP) in 3,4,5 chapters of paper II (Mains)
    Suggested Reading: NCERT Text books :Social Sciences (class 6 to 10) and History(11 and 12th class)Ancient India , Medieval India (NCERT reference books for class 11 and 12): R.S. Sharma (you needto buy in bookshop)Modern India : Bipin ChandraDownload state syllabus Indian history study material:Ancient &medieval IndiaModern IndiaHistory & culture of AP : P Raghunadha Rao (To cover AP Indian National Movement)
    4.Indian and World Geography with focus on AP geography
    Physical features of India & AP,landforms & their evolution,drainage basins,climate,soils,naturalvegetation and wild life,population census (growth,density,migration,sex ratio, occupation structure,education),economic activity in agriculture,industry,tourism,trade,transportation,services.In case of world geography focus on climate regions vegetation, mountains, major drainage basins,industrial centers (manufacturing & minerals),agricultural producers,trade centers.Topics covered under Indian geography are useful in
    Section- III (Development & Environmentproblems) 2,3 chapters under Paper- IV
    Suggested Reading: NCERT Text books :Class 6 to 10 (Social Science) and Class 11 and 12 (Geography)Good School Atlas:Please make sure AP information is mentioned in it.AP State Syllabus: class 6 to 10 Social sciences (These books are good ,refer them for AP relevantcontent in geography and economics)
    5.Indian polity and economy
    Constitutional developments,preamble,Fundamental rights,Directive principles, fundamental duties,legislative, administrative & financialrelations between union and states,constitutional bodies, planningcommission,bicameral legislatures atunionand state level,Supreme court/High court jurisdiction andwrits,Interstate/Zonal councils,constitutional amendments, basic structure theory,Emergency provisions,panchayat raj model, 73rd and 74th amendments implementation,welfare provisions for SC/ST/OBC,Human rights/women/minorities SC/ST commissions and SC/ST atrocities act.The above topics are covered under

    Section- III(General overview of constitution) of paper II(Mains).
    For starters in Indian Economy I suggest you read the NCERT class 9 [Social Sciences, Economics],class 10 [social sciences, understanding Economic Development],class 11 Economics books to getcomplete idea about economy and how it works. You can download these books athttp://ncertbooks.prashanthellina.com/ All this material is enough to get through prelims and also usefulfor mains. Most importantly daily read the Finance section in newspaper(telugu/english) to get thecurrent affairs aspects in economy.Sectoral changes in Indian economy(GDP and workforce) since economic reforms,Recent five year  plan allocations,Poverty and unemployment estimates,Household consumption estimates (NSSO 66thRound),Latest Economic survey and union budget,HDI report,13th finance commission report,national Iincome (base year changes), inflation, GDP/GNP and national income concept,Fiscal deficit, Rail budget,Various social and poverty alleviation programs,Millennium development goals, JNNURM,Income tax slabs, GST,financial,tax reforms,Capital market,Rupee convertibility,various committees onindustrial development,FRBM act implementation,India’s biggest trading partners,current account,capital account,monetary policy of RBI, fiscal policy of govt etc.Topics under Indian economy are covered under
    Section- I(Planning in India & Indian economy) of paper III(Mains)
    which are useful even for current affairs.Suggested Reading: Indian Polity : M laxmikanthIndian Economy —-Dutt & sundaramBharata ardhika vyavastha- samasyalu –Telugu academy competitive exam book

    6.Mental Ability: This part will test the candidate ability in analytical and reasoning abilities. This includes, analogies,algebra, synonyms & antonyms,series,inferences etc.Suggested Reading:Quicker maths by M Tyra ( The questions in exam are of basic nature, entire content of book may not be relevant) or Quantitative aptitude/reasoning by R.S Agarwal7.Disaster managementThis topic is new addition to syllabus. As India is prone to both natural and man made disasters thistopic should be given special attention in preparation.Suggested Reading:CBSE books: Disaster management Class VIII, Class IX, Class X.Excellent overview of disaster management topicshereThe above topic is also useful for G-I mains essay

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    2004 APPSC Prelims Paper Solved

    This is APPSC Group 1 Preliminary Exam Paper with Key & Solutions Download in PDF


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    September 1, 2009

    Agriculture of Andhra Pradesh a TRUE PICTURE

    This Report was from Human Development Report of Andhra Pradesh 2007 on Angriculture, the figures in it are very much recent 2006....

    I suggest you to go through the report and make a note of it.....

    You can also download the the file directly...

    DOWNLOAD

    Preview of the file is here, its visible only if your web browser has flash support

    Agriculture Andhra Pradesh Human Development Report

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    Very Important - First in India questions must read

    Architecture

        * First Islamic Mausoleum (tomb) in India: Sultan Ghari, built in 1231 CE for Prince Nasir ud din Mahmud, eldest son of Iltumish.

        * First true dome, Alai Darwaza, Qutb complex, Delhi, built in 1311 CE, by first Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-ud-din Khilji.

        * First true arch, Balban's tomb, Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi, built in ca 1287 CE, by Ghiyas ud din Balban of Mamluk dynasty.

        * First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, also the first with Persian double-dome: Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, built 1562-1571 CE.

     

       Awards and Titles

     

        * Miss World: Rita Faria in 1966

        * Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen in 1994

        * Booker Prize: Salman Rushdie for Midnight's Children in 1981

        * Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and Dr C.V. Raman in 1954

        * Chevalier: Sivaji Ganesan

        * Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Devika Rani in 1969

        * Ashoka Chakra Award to a civilian : D.K. Jatar (posthumous) and M.C Dixit, captain and co-captain respectively, of the sabotaged plane Kashmir Princess, for "most conspicuous bravery, daring and self-sacrifice"

        * Magsaysay Award: Vinoba Bhave, 1958

        * Winner of a major literary award in the United States: Dhan Gopal Mukerji

        * Ford Supermodel of the World (contest): Bipasha Basu, 1996[citation needed] [1]

     

       Nobel Prize

     

        * Nobel Prize winner: Rabindranath Tagore for the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913. He was also the first Asian to get the prize.

        * Nobel Prize in Physics: C. V. Raman in 1930.

        * Nobel Prize in Medicine: Har Gobind Khorana in 1968. (India born US citizen)

        * Nobel Peace Prize: Mother Teresa in 1979 (Albania born Indian citizen)

        * Nobel Prize in Economics: Amartya Sen in 1998

     

       Defence

     

        * Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Sir Roy Bucher

        * Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1949

        * Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst

        * Indian Chief of Staff: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1947

        * Commander-in-Chief, IAF: Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, 1954

        * Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R D Katari

        * Cosmonaut: Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma, 1984

        * Field Marshal: Sam Manekshaw, 1973.

     

       Exploration

     

        * Person to reach the South Pole: Col Jatinder Kumar Bajaj

        * Woman to scale Mount Everest: Bachendri Pal on May 23, 1984. She was the 5th woman in the world to scale the peak.

     

       Film and TV

     

        * Sound film: Alam Ara, 1931

        * Oscar winner: Bhanu Athaiya for Best Costume Design for Gandhi (film) in 1982

        * Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Language Film: Mother India in 1957

        * first Indian music director who got two oscar-Mr. A. R. Rahman in 2009.

        * National Film Award for cinema: Shyamchi Aai in 1954

        * Colorized film: Mughal-e-Azam in 2004 (the original black-and-white version was released in 1960)

        * Sponsored TV serial: Hum Log, started on July 7, 1984, was also the first soap opera of India, ran for 156 episodes

        * Actor to enact 10 roles: Kamal Haasan

        * 3D film: My Dear Kuttichathan, a Malayalam film, produced in 1984, dubbed in Hindi as Chhota Chetan.

        * 70 mm film: Padayottam, a Malayalam film, produced in 1982

        * Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (officer of the order of arts and letters): Shahrukh Khan in 2007

        * Hindi film to be screened at the United Nations: Lage Raho Munna Bhai on 10 November 2006

     

       Governance

     

        * President: Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962)

        * Vice-President: S. Radhakrishnan

        * Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964). The first term lasted till 1952 after which he was re-elected

        * Deputy Prime Minister: Vallabhbhai Patel (1947-1950)

        * Prime Minister to be voted out of office: Indira Gandhi (1977) when the Indian National Congress lost to the Janata Party

        * Non-Congress government: by Janata Party with Morarji Desai as the Prime Minister (1977-1980)

        * Prime Minister to lead a minority government for a full term (five years): P. V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 – May 16, 1996

        * Person outside the Nehru-Gandhi family to serve as Prime Minister for a full term (five years): P. V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 – May 16, 1996

        * Prime Minister from South India: P. V. Narasimha Rao, 1991

        * Governor-General: Warren Hastings

        * Governor General of Independent India: Lord Mountbatten, 1947

        * Indian Governor-General of Indian Union: C Rajagopalachari, 1948

        * Chief Justice of India: H. J. Kania (1947-1951)

        * Indian ICS Officer: Satyendranath Tagore, 1863

        * Speaker of Lok Sabha: G.V. Mavlankar (1952-1956)

        * Finance Minister of Independent India: R.K. Shanmukhan Chetty (1947-1949)

        * Presentation of First Budget after India's Independence : R.K. Shanmukhan Chetty on Nov 26, 1947

     

     

       Science

     

        * Hydroelectric plant: On the Gaganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka. Built in 1902.

        * City to have electricity: Bangalore, in 1906 (it was in fact the first city in Asia to have electricity)

        * Man in space: Rakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 3, 1984. He was the 138th man in space worldwide.

        * Woman in space: Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19, 1997. She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.

        * Test-tube baby: Durga Agarwal, born 1978

        * Scientific Expedition to Antarctica: 1981

        * Nuclear Reactor: CIRUS, Mumbai, Maharashtra

        * First Genetically Modified Food Product in India : Bt. Egg plant Hybrid (Bt. -- Bacilius thuringiensis)

        * Satellite : Aryabhatta, launched on April 19, 1975

        * Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services : EDUSET

        * Successfully indigenous launch vehicle : SLV-3

        * Prospective space tourist: Santhosh George Kulangara, proposed in 2009 aboard Virgin Galactic

     

       Sport

     

        * Person to swim across the English Channel: Mihir Sen, 1958

        * Woman to swim across the English Channel: Arati Saha, 1959

        * Formula One race driver: Narain Karthikeyan

        * Formula One team: Force India F1

        * A1 GP race victory: Narain Karthikeyan, Zhuhai, China, 2007

     

       Olympics

     

        * Olympic team medal: Gold for Hockey at the 1928 Summer Olympics Amsterdam, beating the Netherlands.

        * Olympic individual medal (in British India): Silver by Norman Pritchard for 200 metres races at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Paris. (This is disputed however. The IOC claims he participated for India. The IAAF records him as participant for Great Britain.)

        * Olympic individual medal: Bronze by K. D. Jadhav for wrestling at the 1952 Summer Olympics Helsinki.

        * Olympic individual medal by a woman: Bronze by Karnam Malleswari for weightlifting 54 kg class, at the 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney.

        * Olympic silver medal: Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore for Men's Double Trap at the 2004 Summer Olympics Athens.

        * Olympic individual gold medal: Abhinav Bindra for 10 m Air Rifle at the 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing.

        * Olympic medal in Boxing: Vijender Kumar at the 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing.

     

       Chess

     

        * Chess Grandmaster: Viswanathan Anand in 1988, at the age of 18.

        * FIDE World Chess Champion: Viswanathan Anand in December 2000.

        * Undisputed World Chess Champion: Viswanathan Anand in September 2007.

        * Woman Chess Grandmaster: Koneru Humpy, 2002. She was also the youngest woman to become a grandmaster at 15 years old.

     

       Tennis

     

        * Grand Slam title: Mahesh Bhupathi (partnering with Japanese Rika Hiraki) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 1997 French Open.

        * Woman to win a match in a Grand Slam event: Nirupama Vaidyanathan beat Italian Gloria Pizzichini in the first round of the 1998 Australian Open

        * Woman to reach 4th round (highest as of 2009) of a Grand Slam singles event: Sania Mirza in the Singles category of the 2005 US Open.

        * Woman to win a Grand Slam title: Sania Mirza (partnering with Mahesh Bhupathi) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 2009 Australian Open.

        * Grand Slam junior title: Leander Paes in the Singles category of the 1990 Wimbledon Championship.

        * Grand Slam junior title by a woman: Sania Mirza (partnering with Russian Alisa Kleybanova) in the Doubles category of the 2003 Wimbledon Championships.

     

       Cricket

     

        * Cricket tournament: The Bombay Triangular (1905-1911) which later became the Bombay Quadrangular (1912-1936)

        * Cricket test match: Against England at Lord's, June 25, 1932

        * First One day Cricket captain: (S.Venkataraghavan)

        * First Test Cricket captain: C. K. Nayudu for the 1932 tour of England

        * First Indian to score ODI century was (Kapil Dev)

        * Cricketer to score a century: Lala Amarnath 118 against England in December 1933 at Bombay Gymkhana grounds

        * Cricketer to score a double century: Polly Umrigar, 223 against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1955-56

        * Cricketer to score a triple century: Virender Sehwag, 309 against Pakistan in Multan in 2004.

        * ODI cricket hat-trick: Chetan Sharma in Reliance World Cup against New Zealand in 1987.

        * Test cricket hat-trick: Harbhajan Singh against Australia in March 2001

        * Cricket World Cup championship win: At the 1983 Cricket World Cup, England beating West Indies.

        * Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in Test cricket: Sunil Gavaskar (he was first in the world to achieve this feat)

        * Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in ODI cricket: Sachin Tendulkar (he was first in the world to achieve this feat)

        * Cricket Twenty20 world cup winner: India in 2007.

        * Cricketer to score 85 centuries in Test and ODIs combined: Sachin Tendulkar

        * First bowler to take all 10 wickets in a test match: Anil Kumble

     

       Minorities

     

        * First Sikh Prime Minister : Manmohan Singh

        * First Muslim President : Zakir Hussain (1967-1969)

        * First Sikh President : Giani Zail Singh

        * First Parsi Army Chief: Field Marshall Sam Manekshaw

        * First Christian Army Chief: General Sunith Francis Rodrigues

        * First Sikh Army Chief: General Joginder Jaswant Singh

        * First Parsi Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Aspy Engineer

        * First Sikh Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Arjan Singh

        * First Muslim Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Idris Hasan Latif

        * First Parsi Navy Chief: Admiral J L Cursetji

        * First Christian Navy Chief: Admiral R L Pereira

     

       Women

     

        * Graduates: Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883

        * Head of an Undergraduate Academic Institution: Chandramukhi Basu, 1888

        * Honours Graduate: Kamini Roy (1886)

        * Lawyer: Cornelia Sorabjee (1892)

        * Doctorate of Science: Asima Chatterjee (1944)

        * Chief Justice of a High Court (Himachal Pradesh): Leila Seth, 1991

        * Supreme Court Judge (also the first in the world): Anna Chandy

        * Physician: Kadambini Ganguly, 1886

        * Airline Pilot: Durga Banerjee

        * In space: Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19, 1997. She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.

        * Nobel Prize winner: Mother Teresa in 1979 (Albanian born Indian citizen)

     

       Sport

     

        * Asian Games gold medal winner: Kamlijit Sandhu

        * To swim across the English Channel: Arati Saha, 1959

        * The first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest : Bachendri Pal , 1984

        * Chess Grandmaster: Koneru Humpy, 2002. She was also the youngest woman in the world to become a grandmaster at 15 years old.

        * To win 1st round match in a Grand Slam event: Nirupama Vaidyanathan beat Italian Gloria Pizzichini in the first round of the 1998 Australian Open

        * To reach 4th round (highest as of 2008) of a Grand Slam event: Sania Mirza in the Singles category of the 2005 US Open.

        * Grand Slam junior title: Sania Mirza (partnering with Russian Alisa Kleybanova) in the Doubles category of the 2003 Wimbledon Championships.

     

       Administration and Politics

     

        * First & Last female monarch of Delhi Sultanate: Razia Sultan (1205-1240) of Mamluk dynasty

        * Prime Minister: Indira Gandhi, 1966

        * Minister in a government: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur in the Ministry of Health

        * Chief Minister of a State: Sucheta Kripalani, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, 1963-1967

        * Governor: Sarojini Naidu, Governor of Uttar Pradesh, 1947-1949

        * Central Minister (in pre-independent India): Vijayalakshmi Pandit, minister of local self-government and public health, 1937

        * Speaker of the Lok Sabha: Meira Kumar

        * Indian National Congress President: Annie Besant

        * President: Pratibha Patil, 2007

        * IPS Officer: Kiran Bedi

     

       Places

     

        * City to have electricity: Bangalore, in 1906 (it was in fact the first city in Asia to have electricity)

        * District to achieve 100% literacy rate: Ernakulam district, Kerala , 1990

        * City/town to achieve 100% literacy rate: Kottayam, Kerala, 1989

        * District to achieve 100% literacy rate and lowest population growth rate: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala

        * District to be polio-free: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala

        * District to achieve tobacco free: Kottayam district, Kerala, 27 September 2008

     

       Transport

     

        * First Passenger Train: between Mumbai and Thane on 16th April 1853

        * First suburban railway line: Mumbai Suburban Railway in 1857

        * First rapid transit (Metro) rail: Kolkata Metro in 1984

        * First expressway: Mumbai-Pune Expressway in 2000

     

       Others

     

        * Wax statue of a living Indian: Mahatma Gandhi at Madame Tussaud's in 1939

        * Exclusive internet magazine: Bharat Samachar

        * Miss India to participate in Miss Universe: Indrani Rahman in the Miss Universe 1952 Pageant at Long Beach, California

        * President of the Indian National Congress: W C Bonnerjee, 1885

        * Graduate in Medicine: Soorjo Coomar Goodeve Chuckerbutty

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