March 29, 2012

Group 2 Interview Experience - March 2012 - Candidate - Sandy

Candidate: Sandy
Board - Rachel Madam

1.Telangana issue role of politicians
2.India china relations
3.Tools to control inflation
4.SLR CRR  and Bank Rate
5.RTI act
6.duties of Deputy Tahsildar.
7.uses of Microsoft office
8.My biodata
9.working of internet
10.about Steve jobs
(apple Computers)

Total Duration: 10-15 Minutes

Thanks sandy for sharing your interview experience with the blog


March 28, 2012

Fwd: Group 2 Interview Questions asked -March 2012- for Ravindranath Anumala

Name of Candidate - Ravindranath Anumala
Board - Rachel Madam(Appsc Chairman)


-about president last speech in parliament

-about India growth rates (economy)

-about electric resources

-About nuclear power in India

-federal and unitary government.

- About mid polls in five state elections held in 2012

- Lokpal bill 

Total Duration of Interview - 10-15 Minutes


March 15, 2012

My Group 2 Interview Questions asked 5th March 2012

my interview went very fine...
Sudhakar sir board- total 4 members(all Male)-Panel 4 (panel 1 - rachel madam)

- Why civils when u have technical degree?
- About MRO profile and works?
- about MP's of state and total mla of andhra pradesh
- about government programmes?
- about YSR Abhaya Hastam?
- about jalayagnam and fraud in it? Whats ur way to route out corruption?
- do u agree with sub categories in reservation like a,b,c, d? Give your opinion not answer?
- about 1857 revolt
- your fav king in history n why?
- about mahabharat and blind king?
- how to tackle corruption?
- what have you done after btech?
-Profile of companies u have worked and your role there?
- Why group 2 for ur caliber when u can make g1? will u opt g1 if selected leaving this job?
- About state election commission? What it does & doesnt?

thats it...board is cordial, they will give u time to relax;
Interview went around for 15 minutes.


March 12, 2012

hotspots in india - g1 mains - Paper 4

India has two of the 25(Around the world, at least 25 areas qualify under the definition of Hotspot, with nine others possible candidates.) identified 'hot spots'. These are : Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats.
Eastern Himalayas
Phytogeographically, the Eastern Himalaya forms a distinct floral region and comprises Nepal, Bhutan, neighbouring states of east and north-east India, and a contiguous sector Yunnan province in south western China. In the whole of Eastern Himalaya, there are an estimated 9000 plant species, with 3500 (i.e. 39%) of them being endemic. In India�s sector of the area, there occur some 5800 plant species, roughly 2000 (i.e. 36%) of them being endemic.
At least 55 flowering plants endemic to this area are recognised as rare, for example, the pitcher plant (Nepenthes khasiana).
The area has long been recognised as a rich centre of primitive flowering plants and the area is recognised as 'Çradle of Speciation�. Species of several families of monocotyledons, Orchidaceae, Zingiberaceae and Arecaceae abound in the area. Gymnorperms and pteridophytes (ferns) are also well represented in the area.
The area is also rich in wild relatives of plants of economic significance, e.g. rice, banana, citrus, ginger, chilli, jute and sugarcane. The region is regarded as the centre of origin and diversification of five palms of commercial importance namely, coconut, arecanut, palmyra palm, sugar palm and wild date palm.
Tea (Thea sinensis) is reported to be in cultivation in this region for the last 4000 years. Many wild and allied species of tea, the leaves of which are used as substitute of tea, are found growing in the North East in their natural habitats.
The �taxol�plant Taxus wallichiana is sparsely distributed in the region and has come under red data category due to its over exploitation for extraction of a drug effectively used against cancer.
As regards faunal diversity, 63% of the genera of land mammals in India are known form this area. During the last four decades, two new mammals have been discovered from the region : Golden Langur from Assam � Bhutan region, and Namdapha flying squirrel from Arunachal Pradesh indicating the species richness of the region.
The area is also a rich centre of avian diversity � more than 60% of the Indian birds are recorded in the North East. The region also has two endemic genera of lizards, and 35 endemic reptilian species, including two turtle. Of the 204 Indian amphibians, at least 68 species are known from North East, 20 of which are endemic.
From Namdapha National Park itself, a new genus of mammal, a new subspecies of bird, 6 new species of amphibia, four new species of fish, at least 15 new species of beetles and 6 new species of flies have been discovered.
Western Ghats
The Western Ghats region is considered as one of the most important biogeographic zones of India, as it is one of the richest centres of endemism. Due to varied topography and micro-climatic regimes, some areas within the region are considered to be active zones of speciation.
The region has 490 arborescent taxa, of which as many as 308 are endemics. This endemism of tree species shows a distinct trend, being the highest (43%) in 8N � 100 30�N location and declining to 11% in 16 N � 160 30�N location.
About 1500 endemic species of dicotyledonous plants are reported from the Western Ghats. 245 species of orchids belonging to 75 genera are found here, of which 112 species in 10 genera are endemic to the region.
As regards the fauna, as many as 315 species of vertebrates belonging to 22 genera are endemic, these include 12 species of mammals, 13 species of birds, 89 species of reptiles, 87 species of amphibians and 104 species of fish.
The extent of endemism is high in amphibians and reptiles. There occur 117 species of amphibians in the region, of which 89 species (i.e. 76%) are endemic. Of the 165 species of reptiles found in Western Ghats, 88 species are endemic.
Many of the endemics and other species are listed as threatened. Nearly 235 species of endemic flowering plants are considered endangered. Rare fauna of the region includes : Lion Tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Nilgiri Tahr, Flying Squirrel, and Malabar Gray Hornbill.


Noise Pollution - G1 Mains - APPSC - Paper 4

When unwanted sound created by human beings hits our ears and disturbs the environment, noise pollution is created. Chiefly, noise pollution comes from barking dogs, loud music, vehicles, aircraft and rail transport, air-conditioners, factories, amplified music and construction work.

Sources of noise: All transportation systems create noise pollution. With residences created adjacent to factories, they experience noise pollution and its adverse effects. Besides transportation noise, noise can come from factory appliances, power tools and audio entertainment systems.

Measures of noise: Noise pollution is measured in decibels. When noise is at 45 decibels, no human being can sleep, and at 120 decibels the ear is in pain and hearing begins to be damaged at 85 decibels.

Effects of noise pollution

Human health: Noise pollution disturbs our health and behavior in a number of ways including deafness causing lack of sleep, irritability, indigestion, heartburn, high blood pressure, ulcers, and heart disease. Just one noise explosion from a passing truck drastically alters our endocrinal, neurological, and cardiovascular functions in many individuals. If this is prolonged or frequent, the physiological disturbances become chronic and contribute to mental illness.

Annoyance: Sometimes, even low levels of noise are irritating and can be frustrating, and high volumes can be annoying. Natural sounds are less irritating than those we find uncontrollable but intermittent sounds such as a tap dripping water can be more irritating than the sound of falling rain.

Speech interference: Noise more than 50dB can be very difficult to hear and interpret and cause problems such as partial deafness.

Sleep interference: Very high levels of noise can wake people from their sleep with a jerk and keep them awake or disturb their sleep pattern. This could make them irritable and tired the next day.

Decreased work performance: Increased noise levels gives rise to a lack of concentration and accuracy at work, and reduce one�s productivity and performance. Difficult tasks can be impaired, and instructions or warnings difficult to be heard and interpreted, causing accidents.

How to avoid sources of noise pollution

Traffic: Don't live or work near major intersections or roads, shopping centers and sporting facilities. Valleys and falls are noisier than flat roads.

Barking dogs: As a dog owner, you should take care to see that your dog doesn't annoy the neighbors with its barking and yowling.

Aircraft: Before buying a home, see how far it is from the local airport.

Neighbors: Be a good neighbor by not annoying those who live next door with your music or lawn mowing.

Solving noise problems: Many noise problems can be prevented by considering others and talking through problems. Be a good and concerned neighbor by discussing a common problem calmly and in a collaborative spirit to find a common solution.


March 11, 2012


Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources based on local knowledge systems and practices is ingrained in Indian ethos and way of life. Initiation of policies and programmes for conservation and sustainable utilisation of biological resources date back to several decades. As a result, India has a strong network of institutions mapping biodiversity and undertaking taxonomic studies. The Botanical Survey of India (established in 1890) and the Zoological Survey of India (established in 1916) are primarily responsible for survey of flora and fauna. The National Institute of Oceanography and several other specialised institutions and universities further strengthen the taxonomic data base. Based on the survey of 70% of the total geographical area of the country, 46,000 species of plants and 81,000 species of animals have been recorded so far. These life forms are actually and potentially important for developments in the fields of food, medicine, textiles, energy, recreation and tourism. The areas not yet surveyed include the inaccessible Himalayan area, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Exclusive Economic Zone. These areas are expected to be rich repositories of endemic and other species.

In-situ conservation

Approximately 4.2% of the total geographical area of the country has been earmarked for extensive in-situ conservation of habitats and ecosystems through protected area network of 85 National Parks and 448 Wildlife Sanctuaries. The results of this network have been significant in restoring viable populations of large mammals such as tiger, lion, rhinoceros, crocodiles, elephants etc.

To conserve the representative ecosystems, a Biosphere Reserve Programme is being implemented. Ten biodiversity rich areas of the country have been designated as Biosphere Reserves.

Programmes have also been launched for scientific management and wise use of fragile ecosystems. Specific programmes for management and conservation of wetlands, mangroves and coral reefs systems are being implemented. National and sub-national level committees oversee and guide these programmes to ensure strong policy and strategic support.

Ex-situ conservation

Attention has been paid to ex-situ conservation measures also as they complement the in-situ conservation and are even otherwise important. There are about 70 Botanic Gardens including 33 University Botanic Gardens. Also, there are 275 centres of ex-situ wildlife preservation in the form of zoos, deer parks, safari, parks, aquaria etc. A Central Zoo Authority supports, oversees, monitors and coordinates the management and the development of zoos in the country. A scheme entitled Assistance to Botanic Gardens provides one-time assistance to botanic gardens to strengthen and institute measures for ex-situ conservation of cultivated plants and domesticated animals. While zoological parks have been looked upon essentially as centres of education and recreation, they have played an important role in the conservation of species such as Manipur Thamin Deer and the White-Winged Wood Duck.


March 10, 2012

High Court stay on Group-2 results

While refusing to stay the interviews which are going on since March 3, the bench made it clear that interviews may go on but final results should not be declared.

The bench was dealing with a plea by N Kylasa Rao of Khammam and eight others who were aggrieved by the action of AP Administrative Tribunal in not granting interim stay on interviews for Group-II posts.

The petitioners had approached the tribunal challenging valuation of scripts in which answers were altered by using a whitener.

Since the tribunal did not grant them interim relief, they approached the Court.

Government's counsel Sivaraju Srinivas said there was no provision that barred change of answers once marked when the Group II examinations were held in 2011. Subsequently, the APPSC has come out with new guidelines prohibiting use of a whitener to erase erroneous answers and mark answers afresh. He said the results of written exams had already been declared and interviews were going on.

The bench directed APPSC to submit a report with two lists of candidates.