June 26, 2013

Employment and Unemployment in Andhra Pradesh

Definition: The number of persons employed per  1000 persons is known as Work Force Participation  rate (WFPR). As per  the current daily status, a person is considered working  (employed) for the entire day if he/she had worked for  4 hours or more during a day. Around 94% of the workers in A.P. are in the unorganized sector.
Organised Sector - Status:
  • The number of establishments in the organized sector grew to 19,591 by March, 2012.
  • Of which, 13,175 were in Public Sector and 6,416 were in Private Sector.
  • 20.28 lakhs persons were employed in the organized Sector as on March, 2012.
  • The Public Sector alone accounted for 12.76 lakhs and the remaining 7.52 lakhs were employed in the Private Sector.
  • A total of 1,97,087 candidates were enrolled, 9,530 vacancies notified to Employment Exchanges and 820 candidates placed in 2012-13 (up to Oct.12). There were 19,07,027 candidates on live register of Employment Exchanges at the end of October, 2012.
  • While Andhra Pradesh has registered an annual  compound growth of 1.70% in employment  between 2004-05 and 2009-10 - up from 0.70% between 1999- 2000 and 2004-05.
  • Similarly, the employment elasticity which represents the  responsiveness of employment generation to change in gross domestic product stands at 0.19% for Andhra  Pradesh as against the all India employment elasticity of  0.28%.

Unemployment in Andhra Pradesh

Definition: Unemployment rate is defined as the number of persons  unemployed per 1000 persons in the labour force.
Trends in Unemployment of Andhra Pradesh
  • Since 1999-2000 to 2004-05, the rural and urban unemployment rates in Andhra Pradesh decreased.
  • The decline in urban unemployment (from 39 to 36) was sharper compared to that of rural unemployment (from 8 to 7).
  • Rural Unemployment rate has however increased (5 points) from 7 in 2004-05 to 12 in 2009-10.
  • The urban unemployment rate has decreased by 5 points from 36 to 31.
  •  Similarly, at All India level, urban unemployment rate has fallen from 45 to 34 whereas rural unemployment rate declined marginally (only 1 point) from 17 to 16.
Useful for APPSC Group 1 Prelims, Mains - Paper 3 , Group 2 and other exams of APPSC General Studies Common Paper


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