May 11, 2013

Fourth Generation Computers and Present Generation Computers

Fourth Generation Computers (1975-Present)
The fourth generation computers started with the invention of Microprocessor. The Microprocessor contains thousands of ICs. Ted Hoff produced the first microprocessor in 1971 for Intel. It was known as Intel 4004. The technology of integrated circuits improved rapidly. The LSI (Large Scale Integration) circuit and VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) circuit was designed. It greatly reduced the size of computer.
The size of modern Microprocessors is usually one square inch. It can contain millions of electronic circuits. The examples of fourth generation computers are Apple Macintosh & IBM PC.
·         Advantages
  • More powerful and reliable than previous generations.
  • Small in size
  • Fast processing power with less power consumption
  • Fan for heat discharging and thus to keep cold.
  • No air conditioning required.
  • Totally general purpose
  • Commercial production
  • Less need of repair.
  • Cheapest among all generations
  • All types of High level languages can be used in this type of computers
·         Disadvantages
  • The latest technology is required for manufacturing of Microprocessors.

Fifth Generation Computers (Present & Beyond)
Scientists are working hard on the 5th generation computers with quite a few breakthroughs. It is based on the technique of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Computers can understand spoken words & imitate human reasoning. Can respond to its surroundings using different types of sensors. Scientists are constantly working to increase the processing power of computers. They are trying to create a computer with real IQ with the help of advanced programming and technologies. IBM Watson computeris one example that outsmarts Harvard University Students. The advancement in modern technologies will revolutionize the computer in future.


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