September 8, 2009

Some important Dates in Indian History - Exam specific Significance



History of India in Brief

3000 – 2600 BC – Harappa Civilisation

550 BC – Birth of Mahavira

563 BC – 483 – Sidhartha Gautama, the Buddha

36 – 323 Alexander the Great's conquest of Asia

322 BC – Rise of the Mauryas, Chandragupta

303 BC Chandragupta Maurya defeated Seleukos Nikator and the trans-Indus region transferred to the Mauryas.

272 BC – Ashoka's Reign

180 BC – Fall of the Mauryas & Rise of the Sungas




78 Saka Era begins.

98-117 Kanishka, the Kushan King.

360 Samudra Gupta conquers the whole of northern India and much of the Deccan.

380-413 Chandragupta II comes to power (Chandragupta Vikramaditya) – The Golden Age of the Guptas-Literary Renaissance-Kalidasa and other poets.

606 Accession of Harsha Vardhana.

622 Era of the Hejira begins.


Medival India Starts

711 Invasion of Sind by Muhammad-bin-Qasim (Kassim).

985 The Chola Dynasty-Rajaraja reigns

1026 Ransack of Somnath by Mahmud of Ghazni (mounted 17 plundering expedition into North India between 1000-1027AD).

1191 Prithvi Raj Chauhan, King of Delhi, routs Muhammad Ghori-the first Battle of Tarain.

1206 Qutbuddin Aibak establishes in Delhi the Slave dynasty (120601290: Kings – Qutub-ud-din Aibak, Shamas-ud-din Iltutmish, Rukn-ud-din, Razia Sultana, Bahram Shah, Massud Shah, Nasir-ud-din Mohammed, Balban, Kaiqubad).

1232 Foundation of the Qutub Minar

1236-1239 Razia Sultana, daughter of Iltutmish- the first and the only Muslim lady to rule India

1298 Marco Polo visits India.

1333 Ibn Batutah arrives in India.

1336 Founding of Vijayanagar (Dec-can).

1498 First voyage of Vasco da Gama via Cape of Good Hope and arrives at Calicut on May 27th.

1526 First Battle of Panipat-Babur defeats the Lodis-established of the Mughal dynasty.

1556 Death of Humayun; Accession of Jalal-ud-din Akbar. Second Battle of Panipat-Akbar defeats Hemu.

1564 Akbar abolishes 'Jiziya' or poll tax on Hindus.

1576 Battle of Haldighati; Akbar defeats Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar.

1582 Akbar proclaims Din llahi or Divine Faith-an attempt at synthesizing Hinduism and Islam.

1600 English East India Company constituted through a charter, signed by Queen Elizabeth I.

1613 Sir Thomas Roe's visit yielded permission to set up their factory in Surat. Gradually trading centres were extended Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.

1631 Death of Shah Jehan's wife Mumtaz Mahal-The building of the Taj Mahal.

1699 Guru Gobind Sigh creates 'Khalsa'.

1739 Nadir Shah of Persia conquers Delhi: lose Kabul.

1757 Jun. 23. Battle of Plassey: The British defeat Siraj-ud-daulah through a conspiracy with Mir Jafar. Mir Jafar made Nawab of Bengal. (-60 Clive's first Governship).

1761 Third Battle of Panipat; Ahmed Shah Abdali, the ruler of Afghanistan defeats the Marathas; Maratha imperialism checked; Hyder Ali usurps power in Mysore (rules till '82); Fall of Pondicherry.

1765 The English get Diwani Rights in Bengal, Bihar and Orrisa; Clive, Governor in Bengal for the second time.

1774 Warren Hastings becomes the first Governor-General of India. Calcutta made the administrative headquarters of the Company.

1784 Pitt's India Act passed; Calcutta Gazette published; Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal with the help of William Jones.

1853 First Indian Railway-Bombay to Thane; Annexation of Nagpur, Renewal of the Charter Act; Telegraph, started from Calcutta to Agra.





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