1. The Moderates had faith in the British sense of justice and fair play.
2. The Moderates idealized British institutions and culture. They believed that the benefits of the foreign rule were numerous.
3. The Moderates aimed at 'swaraj' within the framework of the British rule.
4. They used constitutional methods of prayers, petitions and resolutions and worked within the framework of law.
5. The Moderates were supported by the western educated Indians, but they could not connect with the masses.
6. The prominent Moderate leaders were Dadabhai Naoroji. Gokhale and Surendranath Banerjea who were willing to accept a slower pace of reforms.
1. The Radicals were suspicious of the intentions of the British. They disliked and questioned them.
2. They believed that Indian culture and traditions were superior and drew inspiration from India's past glory.
3. The Radicals demanded nothing less than 'absolute' swaraj or complete independence as the goal for India.
4. The Radicals believed in an aggressive approach. They used the tools of swadeshi. Boycott, passive resistance and non-cooperation to gain their demands.
5. The Radicals broadened their base to include the masses. The ordinary man on the street as well as the housewife at home was encouraged to defy the might of the British rule, by simply boycotting foreign sugar, salt and soap.
6. Radical leaders like Tilak, Lajpat Rai, Bipin Chandra Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh did not compromise with the British.