Founder President of the Indian National Army Rash Behari Bose took 37-day leave from the Forest Research Institute, located here, to script the famous 1912 bomb attack on Lord Hardinge. Bose took leave from 25 November to 31 December 1912 to fashion the incident.
In 1912, British India decided to shift the imperial capital from Calcutta to Delhi. To mark the arrival of Lord Hardinge in the new capital, a procession was taken out. A bomb was thrown on the Viceroy and his wife when they were passing through Chandni Chowk, near the Punjab National Bank.
The incident took place at around 11.45 a.m. The explosion was heard six miles away. A picric acid bomb weighing between half and three-quarters of a pound exploded against the howdah.The attacked injured Hardinge and killed his Mahawat. The Viceroy’s back was badly lacerated by some of the nails, screws and gramophone needles with which the bomb had been packed.
Five hundred uniformed and 2,500 plain clothes policemen officer were deployed in the processional route. The event sent a shiver down the British spine. As the bomb exploded, the detectives rushed off in the wrong direction and Rash Behari Bose and his associates escaped comfortably after committing the act.
After completing his 37 day leave, Bose rejoined office at Forest Research Institute on 2 January 1913. After working for a few months regularly, he took long leave from 10 August 1913 to 10 May 1914. On 14 May 1914, he was terminated for long absenteeism from service.
The 1912 bomb attack took the British imperialists by surprise. David Peterson, Assistant Director of Criminal Intelligence (Delhi), was entrusted with the job of conducting an inquiry into the incident. He took two-years to complete the investigation and termed Rash Bihari Bose the mastermind of the attack on the Viceroy. But, by the time the British realised the role of Bose in the attack, this revolutionary had escaped to Japan and continued the struggle against British rule from abroad.
Rash Behari was born on 25 May, 1886, in Palara-Bighati (Hooghly) village. He served one of his longest terms as a government employee at the FRI. He joined the Forest Research Institute on 7 September 1906. Before coming to the Doon Valley, Behari had served for 4 months at the Foreign Department Press (Shimla) as an examiner. After this, he joined Government Monotype Office (Shimla) as a copy holder and served there for seven months. He joined Central Research Institute (Kasauli, HP) as second clerk before joining FRI as a clerk in 1906.
He was promoted to the rank of Head Clerk, drawing a monthly salary of Rs 65. Rash Behari formed the Indian National Army (INA) with Captain Mohan Singh and Sardar Pritam Singh on 1 September, 1942. Bose was elected Founder President.When Rash Bhirai Bose died on 29 January 1945, highlighting his contribution to India's independence struggle, Subhash Chandra Bose said, "He was the father of the Indian independence movement in East Asia."