|Deserts of India|
|Thar Desert of India|
- Area of around 208,110 sqkm
- World's ninth largest sub-tropical desert.
- It lies mostly in Rajasthan, and extends into the southern portion of Haryana and Punjab and into northern Gujarat.
- In Pakistan, the desert covers eastern Sindh province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan's Punjab province.
- Adjoining to Thar is The Cholistan Desert adjoins the Thar Desert spreading into Pakistani Punjab province.
- In India the Thar desert extends from the Sutlej River, surrounded by the Aravalli Range on the east, on the south by the salt marsh known as the Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimes included in the Thar), and on the west by the Indus River.
- Vegetation: large thorny steppe while in north is ill-defined.
- Maximum area in Rajasthan.
- Of the total desert in India, 61% falls in Rajasthan, 20% in Gujarat and 9% in Punjab/Haryana.
- The Indian desert is said to be expanding at a rate of 1/2 km per year towards Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
- The only cold desert in India, forms a part of the state of
Jammu and Kashmir and is made up of two administrative districts - Leh and
Ladakh Desert cold desert of India
- total area of about 59,000 square kilometers
- The summer temperature may rise to 30C while the winter temperature may go down to –40C.
- Intensive sunlight, high evaporation rate, strong winds and fluctuating temperatures characterize the general climate.
- The area receives a total precipitation of 80 mm per year.