- The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world and the highest peaks are found in these mountains— Mt Everest, K2, Kanchenjunga, Nanda Devi and Annapurna.
- In the east to the mountains curve to the south and become lower hills.The lower ranges are not so cold.Peoplecanlive there and crops can be grown. These hills have different names such as the Mizo Hills or the Jaintia Hills.
- Beautiful hill stations are located in these ranges.
- Beyond the highest regions, the cold desert that gets no rain as It is ithe rain shadow of the Himalayas.
- The Himalayas greatly influence climate and therefore the life of the people of India.
How do Himalayas Impact India?
- The land north of the Himalayas is extremely cold and windy. The Himalayas stand as a great barrier or wall and prevent the cold winds from blowing into India. They also do not let warm and rain-bearing winds blow out of our country into Tibet or even into some regions of India, like Ladakh.
- The Himalayas help rainfall in the subcontinent. The Himalayas block the path of rain-bearing clouds during the monsoon. When this happens, the clouds rise up into colder regions. On meeting the cold air here, the moisture in the clouds ti into water and falls down as rail The side of the mountain that receives rain is called the windward side. The area on the other side, where rain does not fall, is called the leeward side of the rain shadow area.
- The snow in mountains melts in the summer and fills our rivers. Many of the huge rivers of north and east India, like the Ganga, Brahmaputra, Yamuna and the Satluj, are snow-fed rivers. Because of this,they have water even in the hottest summer months.