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July 21, 2016

Salankayana Dynasty - Andhra History

  • Salankayana means ‘Vrishabam’ (holy bull). (Appsc Group 2-2011) & name derived from Gothra name. They were the feudatories of Ikshvakus.
  • Capital City : Vengi/Eluru (West Godavari of Andhra Pradesh).
  • Period: Ruled from 300 to 440 AD.
  • Caste: Brahmins (belief).
  • Symbol of Salankayana: Vrishabam
  • Salankayana greatly patronized Shaivism. (Appsc Group 2-2011).  The Word Salankayana indicates Nandi, the bull of Shiva.
  • 4 coins belong to them found at Ghantasala.
  • Information is available from 10 dhanashasana’s issued by them.
  • According to this inscriptions,
  • They called them as progenitors of Vishwamitra.
  • They called them as Bappa battaraka Pada battaraka.
  • Worshiper of foot of father and fore fathers.
  • Worshiper of Chitra Ratha Swamy.
  • A god in chariot – Sun god.
  • In Ptolemy’s opinion, the people called “salankaini” are located to the west of the river Godavari.

 Important Kings of Salankayana Dynasty:

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BRIHATPALAYANA DYNASTY

  • Brihat means Vastness + Palayana means Moving
  • Ancient Indian Kingdom who were based in the modern state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Ruled Northern Andhra.
  • Ruled between A.D. 270-285.
  • Samanthas of Ikshvaku became independent after decline of Ikshvaku. The kings of Brihatpalayana gothra were the immediate successors of Ikshvakus. 
  • Kondamudi copper plate inscription (near Tenali) is the only source to know the history of Brihatpalayana dynasty.
  • Capital was Koduru near Ghantasala in Krishna District .
  • Kondamudi copper plate inscription, Issued by Jayavarma in around 280 AD- in Prakrit language.    
  • Jayavarma describes himself  as the devotee of Maheswara, calls him Raja and patronize of Brahmanism.
  • Gives information about raise of Brahmanism (shaivism) by pallavans and decline of Buddhism.
Jaya Varma:
  1. Was the only Brihatpalayana ruler known by  Kondamudi copper plate inscription.
  2. He gifted the village of Patur in Tenali Taluk to eight Brahmins.

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July 9, 2016

APPSC Group 2 - New Syllabus 2016


APPSC has declared New Syllabus & Pattern for Group 2 - Some Important Changes made in the syllabus are:

Direct Link for PDFDownload Here

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