May 15, 2014

National Symbols of India

National Symbols and their Significance in India. List and chart of Indian National symbols:

National Flag-Adopted by the Constituent Assembly on July 24, 1947. the ratio between length and breadth is 3 : 2, consists of strips of three colours-Saffron, White and Green in descending order. it has a circle of Blue colour in the middle, which has 24 spokes.

National Emblem- The national symbol has been ideologically represented by the lion in the Ashoka stupa in Saranath. There are four lions in it and the fourth one that lies at the back is not visible in pictures. Beneath the four lions, there lies an 'Ashoka chakra' and side to side the pictures of oxes and horses. The line 'Satyameva Jayate', which means 'Truth alone Triumphs', was taken from the Mandako upanishad. The national symbol was approved on 1950 January 26.

National Anthem-Adopted by the Constituent Assembly on Jan 24, 1950, recited, for the first time, at the Calcutta Session of the Congress on Dec. 27, 1911. Fifty-two seconds are prescribed for recitation. lt is written by Rabindranath Tagore.

The National Song of India: India’s national song was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji. Initially Vande Mantaram was the National Anthem of India, but after independence Jana Gana Mana was adopted as the National Anthem. This was done because non-Hindu communities in India had considered Vande Mataram as biased.

National Animal of India: The tiger is known as the Lord of the Jungle and displays India’s wildlife wealth. The Bengal Tiger was declared as the National Animal of India in April 1973, with the initiation of Project Tiger, to protect the tigers in India. Prior to this, the lion was the National animal of India.
National Heritage Animal: Elephant
National Water Animal: River Dolphin, found in Ganga River.

National Art Form: The national art form of India is Bharatha Natyam. This dance form originated in Tamil Nadu and is also known as 'Moving Poetry'.

National Bird: The peacock was declared  the National bird of India in 1963, because it was entirely a part of Indian custom and culture.

National Flower of India: Lotus Flower.

The National Fruit of India: Mangoes are native to India. The great Moghul emperor Akabar had planted about 100,000 mango trees in Lakhi Bagh in Darbhanga.

The National Game of India: Hockey. The game has seen a golden era during 1928-1956, when India won 6 consecutive gold medals in the Olympics. Hockey was considered as the National game because of its unmatched distinction and incomparable talent at the time. At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

The National Tree of India: The Banyan tree. The country’s unity is symbolized by the trees huge structure and its deep roots. The tree is also known as Kalpavriksha. The Banyan tree also gives shelter to many different kinds of animals and birds, which represent India and its people from different races, religions and castes.

National Fish: King Mackerel is known as 'Seer Fish' in English. It is mainly seen in Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean.

National River: Ganga River

National Calendar: Shakavarsham was declared as the official calendar of India on 1957 March 22 (1879 Chaitram 1). The months of this calendar are Chairam, Vaishakam, Jyeshtam, Aashatam, Shraavanam, Bhadram, Ashwinam, Karthikam, Margasheersham, Pausham, Maagham, and Falgunam. In years apart from leap year, the calendar starts from March 22 (Chaitram 1) and in leap year, it starts from March 21. It was Kanishka who established Shakavarsham calendar in A.D. 78.

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