October 31, 2013

Changed Names of Important Countries - General Knowledge

Old Name
Changed Name
British Guiana



• Father of modern chemistry is Jabir bin Hayyan
• Father of botany is Theofrastus
• Father of biology is Aristotle
• James Hutton is called the father of modern geology.
• Thefrastus is called as father of botany.
• Father of Homeopathy is Heinemann.
• Founder of physical chemistry Arrhenius.
• Copernicus is known as the Father of Astronomy.
• Greek writer Herodotus is called father of History.
• Who is known as The father of English poetry - 1340 - 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer
• ‘Aristophanes’ is called father of comedy.
• Charles babbage is called " Father of computer "

• Adam smith is called " Father of economics "


Military Awards of India - General Knowledge

Indian honours and awards can be divided into two categories :
(a)   Gallantry awards.
(b)   Non-gallantry awards.

The gallantry awards are again divisible into two categories:
(a)   Those for gallantry in the face of the enemy.
(b)   Those for gallantry other than in the face of the enemy.

The first category of the gallantry awards comprises :
1.  Param Vir Chakra: It is India's highest military decoration similar to the British Victoria Cross, US Medal of Honor, or French Legion of Honor or Russian Cross of St. George. It can be awarded to officers or enlisted personnel from all branches of the Indian military. It is the also the second highest award of the government of India after Bharat Ratna. The medal is a circular bronze disc 1.375 inches in diameter. The state emblem appears in the center, on a raised circle. Surrounding this, four replicas of Indra's Vajra. The decoration is suspended from a straight swiveling suspension bar. It is named on the edge. On the rear, around a plain center, are two legends separated by lotus flowers. The words Param Vir Chakra are written in Hindi and English. A purple ribbon, 32 millimetres (1.3 in) long, holds the Param Vir Chakra. The medal symbolizes Rishi Dadhichi, who had donated his bones to the Gods for making Vajra.


Highest Military Awards of Different Countries - General Knowledge

• Highest military award of Britain is Victoria Cross.
• Highest military award of Germany is Iron Cross.
• Highest military award of India is Pardam Vir Chakra.
• Highest military award of Japan is Order of the Rising Sun.
• Highest military award of Pakistan is Nishan-i-Haider.
• Highest military award of Russia is Order of the Patriotic War.
• Highest military award of USA is Victory Medal.
• Highest military award of Denmark -  The Order of the Elephant

• Highest military award of USSR - Order of Honor and Banner


October 30, 2013

PHENOMENON OF SEASONS, Solstice & Equinoxes - Explained

The phenomenon or change of seasons is caused chiefly by the revolution of the earth round the sun and the inclination of the earth's axis at an angle of 66 1/2° to the plane of its orbit which constantly points to the same direction. It can be understood from the diagram on the article which shows four positions of the earth during its revolution round the sun.


Part2: Cholas - Polity, Administration, Society, Economy & Architecture - Medieval History Short Notes

Indian History for general awareness, competitive exams, medieval Indian history pdf download, Indian history notes for civil services, appsc material for Indian history,  class notes for general studies, appsc group 1 notification general studies material, appsc group 2 notification general studies material,  appsc group 1 mains material download.


Guidance to UPSC Civil Service Exams , APPSC, SSC & Bank Po Exams

Guidance to UPSC CSAT Prelims,APPSC Notifications, How to Crack APPSC Governments Jobs in APPSC and Andhra Pradesh Telangana Public Service Commission,  Appsc exams, Guidance to APPSC Group 1 Notification, Preparation plan, Success Tips for mains answer writing techniques, APPSC Group 2 latest notification, cutoff, eligibility of different Appsc govt jobs in Andhra Pradesh. Paper Wise Preparation Tips, Mains writing tips, How to Prepare for APPSC Group 1 and Group 2 Exams, Essay writing for APPSC Mains Paper 1.
Every Post is Worth Reading in this Section
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  7. గ్రూప్-1 కేటగిరిలో చివరి పోస్టు ఏమిటి? పోస్టు ప్రాధాన్యం దృష్ట్యా ఏయే పోస్టులకు మొదటి ప్రాధాన్యం ఇవ్వాలి?
  8. ఎపిపియస్సి నిర్వహించే వివిధ పరీక్షలకు సంబంధించి పరీక్ష రాసిన అభ్యర్థుల మార్కులు ఎప్పుడు విడుదల చేస్తుంది?
  9. సొంతనోట్స్ ప్రిపేర్ చేసుకోవడంలో ఎలాంటి జాగ్రత్తలు తీసుకోవాలి?
  10. Group 1 Mains Paper 1- వ్యాసం ఎన్ని పేజీలు రాయాలి?
  11. కరెంట్ అఫైర్స్ ఎక్కడ నుండి ఎక్కడి వరకు చదవాలో తెలియడం లేదు. సాధారణంగా దీనికి సంబంధించి ఎపిపిఎస్సి ఎన్ని నెలలు కవర్ చేస్తుంది? కరెంట్ అఫైర్స్ నోటిఫికేషన్ విడుదలయ్యాక చదవడం మంచిదా?
  12. గ్రూప్-1 ఇంగ్లీష్లో రాయాలా లేక తెలుగులో రాయాలా?
  13. గ్రూప్-2లో ఎగ్జిక్యూటివ్, నాన్ ఎగ్జిక్యూటివ్ అని రెండు క్యాటగిరీలు ఉన్నాయి అని విన్నాను. అయితే వీటి అర్ధం ఏమిటి?
  14. Group 1 -ప్రిలిమినరీలో ఎన్ని మార్కులు రావాలి?
  15. గ్రూప్-2 ఎకానమీ చదివేదెలా?
  16. గ్రూప్-1 మెయిన్స్లో సమాధానాలు రాయడంలో సమాధానాలు పాయింట్లుగా రాయాలా లేక పేరాలుగా రాయవచ్చా? పేరాలుగా రాసే పక్షంలో పాయింట్లను అండర్లైన్ చేయవచ్చా?
  17. గ్రూప్-1 మెయిన్స్లో సైన్స్ అండ్ టెక్నాలజీ పేపర్లో ఇటీవల ప్రశ్నలు చాలా లోతుగా వస్తున్నాయి. ప్రత్యేకంగా స్పెషలైజేషన్ చేసిన వారు మాత్రమే సమాధానాలు రాసే విధంగా ఉంటున్నాయి. వీటికి సమాధానాలు రాయాలంటే ఎలా ప్రిపేర్ కావాలి?
  18. ఎపిపిఎస్సి ఎగ్జామ్స్ దీర్ఘకాలిక వ్యూహం విజయసోపానం!
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October 28, 2013

Rotation & Revolution of Earth - Explained

(Geography for civil service exams, APPSC Material, APPSC Notification, Bankpo & IBPS Exam)  AXIS AND ITS INCLINATION: The earth's axis is an imaginary line that passes through its centre. Its two ends are the North Pole and the South Pole. This axis is inclined to the plane of the earth's orbit at an angle of 6672°.
Besides moving round the sun, our earth also moves on its own axis. Thus, our earth has two kinds of motions — one on its axis, which we call 'Rotation' and the other around the sun, which we call 'Revolution'.

ROTATION: The movement of the earth round its axis in 24 hours is called Rotation. Because of rotation the days and nights are caused.
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Day and Night and Circle of Illumination: It is because of the earth's rotation that the sun seems to us rising and setting. When the earth moves on its axis, half of its surface faces the sun at a time while the other half remains away from the sun. That part of the earth which receives sunlight is called the circle of illumination.
As a result, in that part of the earth that receives illumination or sunlight, it is the day while in the other part it is the night. This phenomenon of alternating day and night is the result of the earth's movement on its axis, which we call 'Rotation' and which it completes in 24 hours or in one day.


October 27, 2013

World Geography for General Studies & Civil Service Exams

APPSC Notification, recruitment 2014, Material, Group 1 Notification 2014, blog, news, results, toppers, exam pattern, Group 2 Notification 2014, Preparation Plan, Jobs list, Pay scale,  New notifications 2014, General Studies, Group 1 Mains Material, Appsc material in Telugu Medium, free download, group 2 material in Telugu free download, group 4 study material in Telugu free download, appsc jobs, Government Jobs in Andhra Pradesh, appsc latest recent notifications, Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission Interview questions.


Pressure Belts of the World - Geography for Competitive Exams

What is Pressure?
Pressure is normally measured in millibars. The variations in pressure are shown on maps by means of Isobars. These are lines joining the places having the same barometric pressure. The barometer consists of a long narrow tube filled with mercury. There are two types of barometers —Fortin's Barometer and Aneroid Barometer.

The rate of change of atmospheric pressure between two points on the earth's surface is called pressure gradient. On the weather chart this is indicated by the spacing of isobars. The gradient is steep if the}' are close together and gentle if they are far apart. Close spacing of isobars indicate a strong pressure gradient, while wide spacing suggests a weak gradient. The pressure gradient is defined as the decrease in pressure per unit distance in the direction in which the pressure decreases most rapidly.



October 26, 2013

General Knowledge & General Awareness, Gk for Civil Service Exams

General Knowledge for UPSC IAS Civil Service Exams, Bank PO Clerical Exams, APPSC Notifications in 2014 and 2015, GK for Group 1 APPSC and Group 2 APPSC Exams, general knowledge questions and answers, general knowledge for school students, general knowledge quiz about India, free download books of general knowledge, general knowledge about human body, general knowledge geography, general knowledge about India, online general knowledge test, gk questions about India, general knowledge of world, general knowledge objective questions, all India general knowledge examination, general knowledge for bank exams.

General Awareness