November 18, 2009

Important Temples/Mosques/Fort/Gardens of Historical Importance in India

Brief History
Ahmed Shah’s Mosque
Built in A.D  1414. its pillars have Hindu emblems
Bhubaneswar Temples
Bhubaneswar. Orrisa
Stone temples
Bodh Gaya temple
Bodh Gaya. Bihar
60 m high temple built by Ashoka, site where Buddha attained enlightenment
Dilwara temples
Mt Abu, Rajasthan
Lavishly decorated with carvings, Jain temples
Golden Temple
Amritsar. Punjab
Sacred shrine of the Sikhs
Important Temples and Mosques
Jagannath Temple
Puri, Orrisa
Dedicated to Lord Jagannath, an incarnation of Vishnu
Jama Masjid
Biggest mosque in India built by Mughal Fmperor Shahjahan
Khajuraho Temples
Khajuraho, M.P.
Famous sculptures depicting art of love; built some time in  ad 950-1050
Mahabalipuram Temples
Mahabalipuram. Tamil Nadu
Also called ’Seven Pagodas’
Mahakali Temple
Shiva Mandir
Meenakshi Temple
Madurai. Tamil Nadu
Dedicated to the Goddess Meenakshi
Moti Masjid
Agra. U.P.
Built by Mughal Lmpcror Shahjahan
Omkar Temple
Omkaiji. Madhya Pradesh
Shiva Temple on an island in the Narmada river, also called ’Black Pagoda'
Sun Temple or Konark Temple
Konark. Orrisa
The mythological conception of the Sun God riding a twenty-four wheeled chariot drawn by seven horses, carved in stone
Buland Darwaja
Fatehpur Sikri, Agra. UP
38 m high gate built by Akbar, is India’s highest gate
Forts, Gardens  Agra Fort
Agra. UP
Originally built by Akbar and additions made by Shahjahan containing famous buildings (Royal Palace Shish Mahal, Moti Masjid, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas)
Gateway of India
Mumbai, Maharashtra
Built in 1911 to commemorate the visit of King George V of UK
Gol Gunibaz
Bijapur. Karnataka
India’s largest dome built on the tomb of Sultan Mohammed Adil Shah covering an area of 1630 m2
Gomateswara Statue
Sravanabelagola, Karnataka
India’s tallest stone statue of the Jain sage Gomateswara
Gwalior Fort
Gwalior, MP
One of the biggest forts containing famous buildings like Man Mandir. Palace of Man Singh, etc.
Hawa Mahal
Jaipur. Rajasthan
Multi-storeyed pink coloured building
Hindodla Mahal
Mandu. Madhya Pradesh
The walls sloping at an angle of over 77° create an illusion that the entire building sways
Jan tar Mantar
New Delhi
Ancient observatory
Moghul Gardens
New Delhi
Garden of Rashtrapati Bhawan
Qutab Minar
New Delhi
72.5 m high stone tower; tallest minaret in India built by Qutab-ud-din Aibak as a Victory Tower
Ramanaihaswamy Corridor
Ramcshwaram. Tamil Nadu
India's longest corridor—1,220 m long
Rashtrapati Bhawan
New Delhi
India’s biggest residential building
Red Fort
New Delhi
Built by Shahjahan, made of red stone
Samath Stupa
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
22 m high and 28 m in diameter, stone structure built on the spot where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon
Sanchi Stupa
Sanchi. Bhopal
One of the earliest stupas, 17 m high and 36.5 m in diameter, made of bricks and sandstone
Shalimar Gardens
Srinagar. J&K
Pleasure resort in Kashmir
Brindaban Gardens
Mysore, Karnataka
Unique gardens adjacent to the Krishnarajasagar Dam


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