Of the ten, the first three principles are seen as comprising the doctrinal core of the Arya Samaj, as they summarize the member's beliefs in regard to God, the nature of Divinity and the authority of the Vedas. The remaining seven principles reflect the reformative ambitions of the Samaj in regard to both the individual and society at large.
The ten principles of the Arya Samaj
- The first (efficient) cause of all true knowledge and all that is known through knowledge is God, the Highest Lord (Parameshwar).
- God (Ishwara) is existent, and blissful. He is formless, omnisicient, unborn, endless, unchangeable, beginningless, the support of all, the master of all, omnipresent, immanent, unageing, immortal, fearless, eternal, and holy, and the maker of all. He alone is worthy of being worshipped.
- Vedas are the scripture of true knowledge. It is the first duty of the Aryas to read them, teach them, recite them, and hear them being read.
- One should always be ready to accept truth and give up untruth.
- One should do everything according to the dictates of Dharma, i.e. after due reflection over right and wrong.
- Doing good to the whole world is the primary objective of this society, i.e. to look to its physical, spiritual and social welfare.
- Let thy dealing with all be regulated by love and justice, in accordance with the dictates of Dharma.
- One should promote knowledge (vidya) and dispel ignorance (avidya).
9. One should see one's own greatest welfare as residing in the welfare of others.
10. One should regard oneself under restriction to follow the rules of society. A disciplined individual is free in a democratic society.