June 16, 2012


•    Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) was launched from April 1, 1999 after restructuring the IRDP and allied schemes. It is the only self-employment programme for the rural poor.

•    Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) was launched on September 23, 2001 and the scheme of JGSY and Employment Assurance Scheme was fully integrated with SGRY. It aims at providing additional wage employment in rural areas.

•    The Swarana Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) came into operation from December 1, 1997, subsuming the earlier urban poverty alleviation programmes. It aims to provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed and underemployed poor by encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment.

•    Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) was designed to provide self-employment to more than a million educated unemployed youth by setting up seven lakh micro-enterprises under the Eighth Five Year Plan.

•    The National Rural Employed Programme (NREP) was started as a part of the Sixth plan and was continued under the Seventh Plan. It was meant to help that segment of rural population which largely depends on wage employment and has virtually no source of income during the lean agricultural period.

•    The Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) was

started on 15th August, 1983, with the objective of expanding employment opportunities for the rural landless, i.e., to provide guarantee to at least one member of the landless household for about 100 days in a year.

•    The Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) was launched in 1978-79 and extended all over the country in 1980-81.It was to provide self-employment in a variety of activities like sericulture, animal husbandry etc. in primary sector, handicrafts etc. in secondary sector , and service and business activities in the tertiary sector.

•    The Scheme of Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM) was

initiated in 1979. It aimed at training about 2 lakh rural youth every year to enable them to become self-employed.
    Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) was announced in February 1989, it was supposed to provide intensive employment creation in the 120 backward districts. It was later renamed Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) whose objective was creation of infrastructure and durable assets at the village level so as to increase opportunities for sustained employment to the rural poor.

•    The Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) aimed at providing 100 days of unskilled manual work on demand to two members of a rural family in the age group 18 to 60 years in the agricultural lean season within the blocks covered under the scheme.


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