September 28, 2013

Canals of the World - World Geography for UPSC, APPSC & Bank PO Exams

Useful in the preparation of UPSC, APPSC Material, important canals of the world, list of canals in the world, major canals of the world, world canals map, world geography for UPSC IAS APPSC, names of canals in the world, waterways of the world, shipping canals of the world, general knowledge quiz, gk quiz, quiz questions, general knowledge questions and answers, gk question, gk questions with answers, general knowledge quiz with answers, objective general knowledge, current general knowledge, online general knowledge quiz, gk quiz questions, general knowledge quiz questions, indian general knowledge.

Name of Canal
Grand Canal
1,776 Km
Beijing-Hebei-Shandong-Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Hagzhou. The Grand Canal in China was opened in 485BC to join the main rivers and it was extended over the centuries. It is still used to move goods and people because the roads in China are very rough and bumpy. Most canals, like Suez and Panama, were built to shorten journeys for shipping. Another canal that shortens a sea journey is the Kiel canal in Germany. The journey from the North Sea to the Baltic was cut from 480km. to just 98km., when it opened in 1895.

Qaraqum Canal
1,375 Km
Amu Darya-Karakum Desert
Saimaa Canal
814 Km
Saima-Gulf of Finland
Eurasia Canal
700 Km
Black Sea-Kuma Manych Depression
Manych Ship Canal
700 km
Black Sea-Caspian Sea
Erie canal
584 km
Albany-New York-Buffalo; The Erie Canal was built between 1817 and 1819 and began operating in 1825. It connected the towns of Albany and Buffalo. Albany and New York were already connected by the Hudson River, while Buffalo afforded access to the Great Lakes.
One of the effects of the Erie Canal was to stimulate the economic growth of New York City, resulting in its becoming larger and more important than Boston and Philadelphia.
Grand Union Canal
461 Km
Nara Canal
364 km
Sukkur Barrage-Khaipur, Sanghar-Districts
Rhone–Rhine Canal
349 km
Rhine-Rhone, North Sea-Mediterranean
Marne–Rhine Canal
313 Km
Rhine, Marne, Meuse River, Moselle River, Canal des houillères de la Sarre
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
204 Km
Suez Canal
193.5 Km
Mediterranean Sea-Red Sea. When the canal was opened in 1869, it shortened the route between the United Kingdom and India by 9,700km. The canal was the busiest inter-ocean canal in the world until it closed during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.
Tankers carrying petroleum and petroleum products had accounted for about 70% of the total tonnage going through the canal. Egypt reopened the canal in 1975. The canal stretches north and south across the Isthmus of Suez, between the cities of port said and Suez. It had no locks because there is no great difference between the levels of the Red and Mediterranean Seas. At present about 25,000 ships pass through the canal every year. The Suez Canal is called "ganatu s-suways" in Arabic
Gota Canal
190 Km
The Kiel Canal

98 Kms
Connects North Sea and the Baltic. It is in northern Germany and is 103 m. wide and 11 m. deep. It is spanned by seven high-level bridges and it is the safest, shortest and cheapest route between the two seas. It was built between 1887 and 1895 for the German navy because it eliminated the necessity for its ships to travel northwards around the Danish peninsula. It was enlarged from 1907 to 1914. It remains an important route for Baltic shipping, especially in the months of winter when both the North Seas and the Baltic Sea are very stormy.

Panama Canal
Connects  Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It ranks as one of the greatest engineering achievements in the world. Completed in 1914, the canal shortened a ship's voyage between New York city and San Francisco to less than 8,370 kilometres. Previously, ships making this trip had to travel around South America - a distance of more than 20,900 kilometres.
The United States built the Panama Canal at a cost of about 380 million U.S. dollars. Thousands of labourers worked on it for about 10 years, using steam shovels and dredgers to cut through jungles, hills and swamps. They had to deal with such tropical diseases as malaria and yellow fever. The Panama Canal extends 81.63 kilometres from Limon Bay on the Atlantic Coast to the Bay of Panama on the Pacific Ocean.


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