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November 12, 2013
MAJOR OCEAN CURRENTS OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN & INDIAN Ocean
Warm Currents of the Pacific Ocean
1. North Equatorial Current: It flows westwards from the western coast of Mexico to the Philippines.
2. South Equatorial Current: It flows westwards in the southern Pacific Ocean and bifurcates into northern and southern branches near New Guinea.
3. Counter Equatorial Current: It flows between north and south Equatorial Current in the opposite direction.
4. East Australian Current: It is the southern branch of South Equatorial Current which flows along the eastern coast of Queensland (Australia).
Cold Currents of the Pacific Ocean
1. Californian Current: It flows along the western coast of USA and finally merges with North Equatorial Current (Warm) to complete the circulation.
2. West Wind Drift: It flows from west to east in the zone of 40°S-50°S latitude under the influence of Westerlies.
3. Peruvian (Humboldt) Current: It flows northwards along the western coast of South America. It is actually the continuation of West Wind Drift.
MAJOR OCEAN CURRENTS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN
Warm Currents of the Indian Ocean
1. Indian Equatorial Current: It flows westwards in the South Indian Ocean, bifurcates at Madagascar and flows as Mozambique and Aughulas Current in the southern direction.
2. South West Monsoon Current: It flows along the coast of India in easterly direction.
3. North East Monsoon Current: It flows along the eastern coast of India during winter.