May 19, 2014

Important Therapeutic Instruments in Medicine

Artificial Kidney: It is a device containing tubes of chambers of a special membranes immersed in bath dialysing solutions. used to remove waste material front the blood of the patient. whose kidney do not work properly.

Pacemaker: lt is a device used to produce and maintain a normal heart rate in patients  who have ‘heart block`. lt may be used as temporary measure with extemal battery or it may be pemiancnt. when whole apparatus is surgically implanted under skin.

Medical Instruments used in Biology for Upsc civil services and general knowledge
Angioplasty: Used to open blocked coronary artery vessel through ballooning. 

Dialysis is the artificial process of getting rid of waste (diffusion) and unwanted water (ultrafiltration) from the blood. This process is naturally done by our kidneys.

It is X-ray examination of blood. An X-ray opaque dye in injected into anery and a series of X-ray films are taken. It helps in diagnosis of health of heart wall, valves, ventricles. coronary arteries, etc.
A peristaltic pump is a type of positive displacement pump used for pumping a variety of fluids.

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that uses tube-like instruments (called endoscopes) to look at the inside of the body. This procedure is different from imaging tests, such as x-rays, which also look at the inside of the body but usually do not place instruments inside the body.


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