Key differences between Gamma Rays and X Rays is where from they Originate:
- Gamma rays originate in the radioactive nucleus after radioactive decay. It often follows the emission of a beta particle or Alpha Particle.
- X-rays originate in the electron fields surrounding the nucleus or are machine-produced.( X-rays are produced when electrons strike a target or when electrons are rearranged within an atom)
Properties of Gamma Rays:
Production of Gamma Rays:
- A high-energy particle can collide with another particle
- A particle can collide and annihilate with its anti-particle
- An element can undergo radioactive decay
- Accelerate the a particle by magnetic field. This causes the particle to radiate
What is ionization? How this property becomes harmful for Gamma Rays Applications?
Applications of Gamma Rays- Uses of Gamma Emitting Radio-nuclides:
- cancer treatment
- measure and control the flow of liquids in numerous industrial processes
- investigate subterranean strata in oil wells
- measure soil density at construction sites
- ensure the proper fill level for packages of food, drugs and other products.
- sterilize medical equipment in hospitals
- pasteurize certain foods and spices
- treat cancer
- gauge the thickness of metal in steel mills.
- TC-99m is the most widely used radioactive isotope for diagnostic studies. (Technetium-99m is a shorter half-life precursor of technetium-99.) Different chemical forms are used for brain, bone, liver, spleen and kidney imaging and also for blood flow studies.
- fluid-level gauges
- fluid-density gauges
- thickness gauges
- aircraft fuel gauges
- distance-sensing devices, all of which utilize its gamma radiation.
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